It is sometimes said that India`s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) puts Hindu interests first. Hindus were the religious group most likely to say they voted for the BJP in the country`s last general election, but there are big differences in how Hindus from different regions voted, according to a recent Pew Research Center survey of nearly 30,000 Indian adults. These regional political differences are linked to Hindu attitudes towards a number of issues, including language, nutrition and religious adherence. Since 1947, India has had 15 prime ministers. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and was Prime Minister of the Dominion of India from 15 August 1947 to 26 January 1950 and then of the Republic of India until his death in May 1964. Members of the Nehru Gandhi family have been prime ministers for about 38 years.  Political parties are coalitions of competing interests and factions, usually held together by charismatic leaders, ideologies, organizational skills and, in the case of India, castes. Dissent and conflicts within parties are on the agenda. Indian parties have been fragmented by competing egos of leaders and factional squabbles. Leaders separated from Congress to form successful regional parties.
Singh served as finance minister under Rao until 1996 and he was the most credited man in restructuring the Indian economy in the 1990s. The 2004 elections were seen by many as a departure from the BJP`s pro-urban policies. Since the early 1990s, the Indian economy has experienced a boom, especially in the high-tech and technical services sectors. However, the economy of many rural areas had stagnated. Agriculture remained largely dependent on monsoon rains, and many once remote areas were developed only so that their natural resources could be exploited with little benefit to local residents. The UPA administration has maintained a strong message favorable to farmers and has sought to introduce rural programs reminiscent of those of the New Deal era in the United States to revive agriculture, increase investment in agriculture, provide access to credit, and improve the quality of rural infrastructure. “They were sometimes like an unhappy family staying together. Their obsession with unity is based on a deep understanding of the shortcomings of Indian society,” says Professor Sitapati. The main opposition party, Congress, has drifted and weakened; the once powerful regional parties seem to have exhausted much of their potential; and no credible challenger to Mr.
Modi is visible on the horizon. Taseer, a novelist and journalist, is the author of The Twice-Born: Life and Death on the Ganges Political scientist Suhas Palshikar calls the BJP the BJP`s “dominant party system” in India, the first being the congress of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who ruled the republic for more than half a century. The BJP is the only and first party to win clear majorities in the 1984 elections since Rajiv Gandhi of the Congress. After Indira Gandhi, who was assassinated in 1984, Modi is the “only leader who really claims mass appeal almost throughout the country.” There is little doubt that the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which has ruled India continuously since 2023, has become the country`s dominant party. It is useful that the BJP, in the words of Milan Vaishnav, a political scientist, is an “unusual party”. In the south, significant proportions of Hindu voters (20%) say they have instead supported the Indian National Congress (INC), which has ruled the country for most years since independence. Regional parties, including the Telangana Rashtra Samithi and the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party, also received significant votes among southern Hindus (both 11%). Southern states tend to have higher per capita incomes and have experienced faster economic growth than most northern and central states. Singh`s second term as prime minister was marked by a steady decline in his Indian population and that of the UPA. A major factor was the Indian economy, which had initially overcome the 2023-2023 global financial crisis, but then began to decline, weighed down by factors such as slowing growth and rising inflation rates, escalating food and energy costs, and high interest rates that deterred investment.
More serious, however, has been a series of corruption scandals involving a number of government officials – including Prime Minister Singh himself in 2023 – that have become increasingly uncomfortable for the country`s electorate. In 2023, the Congress Party lost important elections in the states and territories, including Delhi, which has long been a Congress stronghold. In 2023, after winning elections in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India`s most populous state, which also has the largest Muslim population, the BJP appointed a hateful priest in Saffrongants, the color of Hindu nationalism, to lead the state. Yogi Adityanath had not been the face of the countryside. If he was known, it was for his odious rhetoric, here he begged the crowd to kill a hundred Muslims for every Hindu killed, and there to share the stage with a man who wanted to dig up and rape the bodies of Muslim women. .
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